Now showing items 1-20 of 1582

    • Geography 4th to 6Th Class - People and Places: Ocean Leaders, Champions, and Heroes Wall Project

      Marine Institute (Marine Institute, 2022-06)
      The aim of the lesson plan is for the children to develop ideas and discuss how climate change is affecting the ocean near Ireland and other parts of the world. The children will develop a sense of place and space in Ireland and the world, investigating the wide range of people that are involved in raising awareness and creating solutions to address the issues of Climate Change. This lesson is suitable for 4th to 6th Class.
    • Explorers Engagement and Impact Report 2021

      The Camden Education Trust (The Camden Education Trust, 2022-07)
      The Explorers Engagement and Impact Report 2021 provides the highlights of the Marine Institute’s Explorers Education Programme activities including outreach in schools, teachers training, workshops, as well as the resources developed for online teaching.
    • Demystify - A collection of Artworks produced for the BlueFish Project

      Donnelly, Felicity (Marine Institute, 2021)
      The BLUEFISH project (2017 to 2021) focused on the Irish Sea and Celtic Sea region and set out to provide region wide adaptation strategies for the benefit of coastal communities, with a focus on fisheries and aquaculture. BLUEFISH assessed and disseminated knowledge on the risks and opportunities for commercial fish and shellfish under climate change scenarios. It has provided options that will help coastal communities adapt to climate change in the area of food security and the Blue Economy. BLUEFISH developed a series of targeted work-packages (WP) with stakeholders. WP2 focused on developing our understanding of the Irish Sea and Celtic Sea ecosystem in order to provide a framework for forward looking climate adaptation guidelines. Linking art and science to portray and explain these ecosystem goods and services and to depict plausible climate change impacts was an integral part of WP2. This compendium presents the various forms of artwork that were produced for the Marine Institute as part of the outputs from WP2. The climate change issue demands considerable public investment to reverse. This investment will only arise if the general public is supportive and this support is only likely if climate change issues are widely understood. The use of art to connect with people may be an effective way to change attitudes and win support for the societal actions required to reverse the impacts of climate change. The art forms presented in this compendium portray the importance of the ocean to the economies of coastal communities. This art also shows the potential impacts of climate change on these communities in a powerful way. The images can create anxiety about the future but the intent is to provide a deeper understanding of climate change and that the solutions presented for our coastal communities, expressed through the medium of art, will stimulate a long overdue debate and provide hope and inspiration for the future. The art outputs from WP2 also include the “Demystify animation” which can also make a valuable contribution to the debate in Ireland and in Wales. While the oceans are in a parlous state they also provide hope. If the ocean is managed more sustainably, species and ecosystems could revive, and could become better sources of sustainable food, energy, materials, livelihoods and, ultimately, planetary well-being.
    • Supply of Vertebrate Necropsy and Sample Recovery Services 2017-2018 & 2019 Merged Final Reports

      Levesque, Stephanie; O'Donovan, Jim; Daly, Mags; Murphy, Sinéad; O'Connell, Mick; Jepson, Paul; Deaville, Rob; Barnett, James; Berrow, S.D. (Marine Institute, 2021)
      The Marine Institute (MI) issued a tender for the Supply of Vertebrate Necropsy and Sample Recovery Services Tender to cover the period of June 2017 to December 2017 (ITT17-024). They then requested an extension of this contract to continue throughout the period of January to March 2018. Following this extension, a second contract was issued to cover the period April to December 2018 (ITT18-005). The results of these two contracts have been merged for the purposes of this report. These tenders required i) the recovery and standardised necropsy of three cetacean species with associated case history reporting, ii) the provision of sampling kits to be used for the recovery of tissue samples collected from bycaught animals (birds, seals and cetaceans) by observers on commercial inshore and offshore fishing vessels in Irish waters in order to provide additional data to the MI’s existing catch sampling programme and iii) the storage and subsequent delivery of all samples and associated databases to the client.
    • Exploring Our Ocean Colouring and Activity Book

      Dromgool-Regan, Cushla (The Camden Education Trust, 2018)
      A colouring and activity book suitable for infants which includes fun facts to introduce them to the ocean and ocean literacy. Illustrations by Dr John Joyce.
    • Explorers Engagement and Impact Report 2020

      The Camden Education Trust (The Camden Education Trust, 2021)
      The Explorers Engagement and Impact Report 2020 provides the highlights of the Marine Institute’s Explorers Education Programme activities including outreach in schools, teachers training, workshops, as well as the resources developed for online teaching.
    • International Blue Whiting Spawning Stock Survey (IBWSS) Spring 2022

      Marine Institute; Wageningen Marine Research; Institute of Marine Research; Faroe Marine Research Institute, Marine Scotland Marine Laboratory; Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut, Danish Institute for Fisheries Research; Spanish Institute of Oceanography (Marine Institute, 2022)
      Coordination of the survey was initiated at the meeting of the Working Group on International Pelagic Surveys (WGIPS) in January 2022 and continued by correspondence until the start of the survey. During the survey, effort was refined and adjusted by the survey coordinator (Norway) using real time observations. Survey design was based on methods described in ICES Manual for International Pelagic Surveys (ICES, 2015). Overall, weather conditions were exceptional compared to 2021, with calm seas prevailing, providing optimal conditions for acoustic recordings. The entire survey was completed in 15 days, well below 21-day target threshold (Figure 4). Area coverage was considered comprehensive in both core and peripheral areas, with all vessels completing the planned routes, with the exception of the RV Celtic Explorer (Ireland) which returned to port 8 days early.
    • Fish Health Unit Report of Activities Undertaken in 2021

      Doré, B.; Power, Ayesha; Kenny, E.; Bradley, F.; O’ Kane, Patricia; Clancy, Joshua; Cheslett, D.; White, S.; Swords, Fiona (Marine Institute, 2022)
      This report summarises the activities undertaken by the Fish Health Unit (FHU) of the Marine Institute (MI) in 2021. The services of the FHU, undertaken on behalf of the State, are largely driven by European legislation on aquatic animal health. New EU Animal Health Law came into force from April 21st 2021. Regulation (EU) 2016/429 lays down the rules for the prevention and control of animal diseases which are transmissible to animal or humans and has replaced the regulatory framework provided by Directive 2006/88/EC. The MI is the Competent Authority (CA) responsible for implementation of aquatic animal health regulation in Ireland.
    • Shellfish Stocks and Fisheries Review 2021: an assessment of selected stocks

      Marine Institute; Bord Iascaigh Mhara (Marine Institute, 2022)
      This review presents information on the status of selected shellfish stocks in Ireland. In addition, data on the fleet and landings of shellfish species (excluding Nephrops and mussels) are presented. The intention of this annual review is to present stock assessment and management advice for shellfisheries that may be subject to new management proposals or where scientific advice is required in relation to assessing the environmental impact of shellfish fisheries especially in areas designated under European Directives. The review reflects the recent work of the Marine Institute (MI) in the biological assessment of shellfish fisheries and their interaction with the environment. The information and advice presented here for shellfish is complementary to that presented in the MI Stock Book on demersal and pelagic fisheries. Separate treatment of shellfish is warranted as their biology and distribution, the assessment methods that can be applied to them and the system under which they are managed, all differ substantially to demersal and pelagic stocks. Shellfish stocks are not generally assessed by The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) and although they come under the competency of the Common Fisheries Policy they are generally not regulated by EU TAC and in the main, other than crab and scallop, are distributed inside the national 12 nm fisheries limit. Management of these fisheries is within the competency of the Department of Agriculture, Food and Marine (DAFM). A co-operative management framework introduced by the Governing Department and BIM in 2005 (Anon 2005), and under which a number of fishery management plans were developed, was, in 2014, replaced by the National and Regional Inshore Fisheries Forums (NIFF, RIFFs). These bodies are consultative forums, the members of which are representative of the inshore fisheries sector and other stakeholder groups. The National forum (NIFF) provides a structure with which each of the regional forums can interact with each other and with the Marine Agencies, DAFM and the Minister. Management of oyster fisheries is the responsibility of The Department of Environment, Climate and Communications, implemented through Inland Fisheries Ireland (IFI). In many cases, however, management responsibility for oysters is devolved through Fishery Orders or Aquaculture licences to local co-operatives. The main customers for this review are DAFM, RIFFs, NIFF and other Departments and Authorities listed above.
    • Year in Review 2021

      Marine Institute (Marine Institute, 2022)
      The Year in Review 2021 is a snapshot of some of the Marine Institute’s many highlights and achievements during a busy and productive year
    • Atlantic Herring in 6aS/7b, Industry Acoustic Survey Cruise Report, December 2021 and January 2022

      O’Malley, M.; Mullins, Eugene; Nolan, Cormac (Marine Institute, 2022)
      An acoustic survey of Atlantic herring Clupea harengus was conducted in ICES areas 6aS/7b in December 2021 and January 2022. The 2021 survey was conducted using five vessels; MFVs Crystal Dawn WD201, Ros Ard SO745, Girl Kate SO427, K-Mar-K SO695 and Rachel D SO976. The 6aS/7b survey design in 2021 focused on 6 core areas with prior knowledge of herring distribution from the monitoring fishery were targeted for surveying. The change in survey design since 2020 was largely based on the results from ICES WKHASS (ICES 2020) and from lessons learned in the previous surveys in this area from 2016-2019. This design resulted in a much reduced survey area compared to previous years, but with better coverage of most of the important inshore bays where the monitoring fishery takes place. The survey design objective remained the same; to capture the distribution of winter spawning herring in the 6aS/7b area, but this design was not expected to achieve overall stock containment. The timing of surveys in the core areas was flexible from the outset by design. The greater flexibility allows for a targeted spatial and temporal approach which avoided the inevitable poor weather that can happen in this area during this time of the year and which lead to reduced survey effort in some previous years. Using smaller vessels allowed surveys to be conducted in shallow inshore areas where herring are known to aggregate during this time of the year. This survey is the sixth consecutive annual acoustic survey for pre-spawning herring in this area at this time of the year. A pole-mounted system with a combi 38 kHz (split) 200 kHz (single) transducer was used successfully for the survey on small vessels (<18m) in 2021. Herring were again distributed inshore in shallow areas, and the improved survey design and use of small vessels for the survey resulted in a good measure of uncertainty (CV =0.23). The stock was not overall contained in 2021, particularly in the Donegal Bay area (Malin Beg, etc.) and more effort is required to target surveys earlier and later than December and January when herring tend to show up in these areas in difficult to predict patterns. Very strong herring marks were evident in Lough Foyle and Lough Swilly in the channel in marks that extended for many miles in some cases. This was in areas where smaller boats in the fishery were concentrating effort. Herring had left the Swilly by mid-December and the Foyle by mid-January. There was also a series of strong herring marks in Bruckless Bay, Fintra Bay (SE of Inishduff) and Inver Bay in discreet areas. The monitoring fishery was being conducted on smaller boats in the same areas and close to the same time as the survey and biological samples from some of these vessels were used. There was a fairly tight distribution of length classes in all hauls, with most hauls dominated by larger (> 22 cm) mature fish. The 2- and 3-wr age class of herring accounted for 74% of the overall numbers in 2021. The total stock biomass (TSB) estimate of 35,944 tonnes is considered to be a minimum estimate of herring in the 6aS/7b survey area at the time of the survey. The flexible survey design and focusing on discreet areas was generally successful and is providing a good template for future survey designs.
    • The Distribution and Abundance of Elasmobranch Fish in Tralee, Brandon and Dingle Bays in 2018-2019

      Tully, Oliver; Palma-Pedraza, S.; Clarke, Maurice; Keane, Julie (Marine Institute, 2021)
      Surveys of skates and rays were undertaken in Tralee, Brandon and Dingle Bays in north Kerry during 2018 and 2019. The area was previously shown, from angling records and more recent shore surveys of egg cases, to support a high diversity of these species some of which are critically endangered in Ireland, the Atlantic or globally. Twelve species were recorded in the area and their geographic and seasonal distribution is described in this report. Their relative abundance in the surveys confirms their presence in the Tralee Bay area and the importance of that area as a refuge for them. Three of the species recorded, angel shark, blue skate and flapper skate are critically endangered globally. White skate was not recorded in the surveys but a single individual was captured separately in commercial tangle nets in 2018 in the area. This species is critically endangered in the Atlantic. Data from other broad scale fisheries surveys and fisheries sampling at sea, not reported here, confirm that these species are rarely found elsewhere. In addition, and in order of abundance, thornback ray, painted ray, sting ray, undulate ray, blonde ray, spotted ray, spurdog, tope and greater spotted dogfish were recorded. Endangered species of skates and rays are listed on various species red lists internationally and are prohibited species (from being landed) under Common Fisheries Policy regulations. The main source of mortality is from fishing. The current regulations, however, do not necessarily remove this source of impact because accidental by-catch and mortality can still occur. Populations that are at critically low levels locally are unlikely to be able to sustain this additional mortality and there is an ongoing risk of local extinction. Effective protection and restoration will need to consider additional measures such as marine protected areas or other mitigations of the effects of fisheries where they pose a high risk to the viability of local populations. Waters off north Kerry are important internationally as they hold some of the last remaining refuges for angel shark and white skate.
    • The Irish Maritime Transport Economist Volume 18

      Irish Maritime Development Office (Marine Institute, 2021)
    • EMFF Coastal Sediments Project – Achill Bay Survey Report

      O'Sullivan, David; INFOMAR (Marine Institute, 2021)
      There is an ongoing requirement for high resolution substrate maps that accurately depict the sediment properties of the seabed and improve our knowledge of the marine environment. This Coastal Sediment Sampling Project, funded by the European Maritime Fisheries Fund (EMFF), will conduct intense sediment sampling and environmental data collection (including video) surveys on areas of interest in Ireland’s coastal waters to develop high resolution sediment maps, create habitat maps and support ancillary EMFF projects coordinated by the Marine Institute. Achill Bay was selected as the first leg of this survey programme as no multibeam data exists within the inner bay and a significant number of sediment samples were required to create accurate seabed classification charts and habitat maps. A strategic sampling campaign will target and retrieve sediment samples for Particle Size Analysis and increase the accuracy of key derived products such as substrate and habitat maps which are key to supporting Ireland’s Marine Spatial Plan, and the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, identified as priority action(s) of the EMFF Operational Programme. The primary aim of this survey was to conduct a ground-truthing sampling survey of Achill Bay and acquire sediment samples from predefined locations. In addition, video ground-truthing will be conducted using a GoPro camera and frame for manual deployment
    • EMFF Coastal Sediments Project – Offshore Sampling Survey Report, December 2021

      O'Sullivan, David; INFOMAR (Marine Institute, 2021)
      There is an ongoing requirement for high resolution substrate maps that accurately depict the sediment properties of the seabed and improve our knowledge of the marine environment. A Coastal Sediment Sampling Project, funded by the European Maritime Fisheries Fund (EMFF) and led by INFOMAR, was established to conduct intense sediment sampling and environmental data collection (including video) surveys on areas of interest in Ireland’s coastal waters to develop high resolution sediment, substrate and habitat maps, increase the accuracy of these key derived products and support ancillary EMFF projects coordinated by the Marine Institute. Furthermore, this strategic campaign will support Ireland’s Marine Spatial Plan, and the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, identified as priority action(s) of the EMFF Operational Programme. This report details the second leg of the EMFF Coastal Sediment Sampling Project which was conducted in offshore coastal waters of the Irish Sea and along Irelands south coast. Five sampling areas were chosen of which three were surveyed, with each area requiring additional sediment data in order to increase the resolution of existing seabed classification charts. The primary aim of this survey was to retrieve sediment samples for Particle Size Analysis from these selected areas to increase the accuracy of relevant substrate and habitat maps.
    • Celtic Sea Herring Acoustic Survey Cruise Report 2021, 08 - 28 October 2021

      O'Donnell, Ciaran; Mullins, Eugene; Daly, E.; Keogh, Niall; Collins, John (Marine Institute, 2021)
      In the southwest of Ireland and the Celtic Sea (ICES Divisions VIIaS, g & j), herring are an important commercial species to the pelagic and polyvalent fleet. For a period in the 1970s and1980s, larval surveys were conducted for herring in this area. However, since 1989, acoustic surveys have been carried out, and currently are the only tuning indices available for this stock. In the Celtic Sea and VIIj, herring acoustic surveys have been carried out since 1989. Since 2004 the survey has been fixed in October and carried out onboard the RV Celtic Explorer. The geographical confines of the annual 21 day survey have been modified in recent years to include areas to the south of the main winter spawning grounds in an effort to identify the whereabouts of winter spawning fish before the annual inshore spawning migration. Spatial resolution of acoustic transects has been increased over the entire south coast survey area. The acoustic component of the survey has been further complemented since 2004 by detailed hydrographic, marine mammal and seabird surveys. Survey design and geographical coverage have been modified over the time series to adapt to changes in stock size and behaviour. Since 2016, the wider core distribution area has been surveyed by means of two independent surveys and supplemented with small high resolution adaptive surveys focusing on areas of high abundance.
    • CV20_02 INFOMAR Survey Report

      Sheehan, Kevin; INFOMAR Survey Team (Marine Institute, 2021-11-04)
      Geological Survey Ireland (GSI) and Marine Institute (MI) conducted seabed mapping between 2003 and 2005 under the auspices of the Irish National Seabed Survey (INSS) and this continued from 2006 to present day under the INtegrated mapping FOr the sustainable development of Irelands MArine Resource (INFOMAR) programme. INSS was one of the largest marine mapping programmes ever undertaken globally, with a focus on deep water mapping. INFOMAR is a joint venture between the GSI and the MI and is funded by the Irish Government through the Department of Communications, Climate Action and Environment (DCCAE). INFOMAR Phase 1, 2006 to 2015 focused on mapping 26 priority bays and 3 priority areas around Ireland and creating a range of integrated mapping products of the physical, chemical and biological features of the seabed in those areas. INFOMAR Phase 2, 2016 to 2026 intends to map the remainder of Ireland’s entire seabed. Figure 1 shows the extent of the continental shelf mapped area under INSS and INFOMAR and the outstanding areas as of January 2019. Grey have already been mapped, blue, white and coloured hatched areas are unmapped. As of 2018 the remaining survey area has been split at the 30 nautical mile limit (Nm). The inshore survey fleet, managed by GSI is responsible for mapping inshore of the 30Nm limit and the MI vessels are responsible for mapping the offshore. Survey areas are defined into gridded survey units known as INFOMAR Survey Units (ISUs). ISUs are all 1000 km2 in size and are uniquely identifiable by a letter on the x axis and number on the y axis. Each ISU is coloured in a shade of blue which indicates the modal water depth in that ISU. Colour scales are used, to denote the three depth bands; 50 to 100m, 100 to 150m and 150m plus.
    • Summary Report on 2020 Residue Monitoring of Irish Farmed Finfish & 2020 Border Inspection Post Fishery Product Testing undertaken at the Marine Institute

      Glynn, Denise; McGovern, Evin; Farragher, E.; Kelly, Corinne; Moffat, R.; Kaur, Navdeep; Toomey, M. (Marine Institute, 2021)
      As with other farmed animals, farmed finfish can be subject to disease and infestation which can have animal welfare, environmental and commercial implications. Therefore, authorised veterinary medicines and treatments may be used, and sometimes must be used, to control disease and infestation as part of health control plans e.g. antibacterial and antiparasitic treatments. The National Residues Control Plan (NRCP) sets out the monitoring requirements for residues in animal products in accordance with Official Control Regulation 2017/625 and Annexes of Council Directive 96/23/EC of 29 April 1996 on measures to monitor certain substances and residues thereof in animals and animal products. Under EU legislation (Article 19 of Official Control Regulation (EU) 2017/625, each member state is required to implement a residue monitoring plan and to submit their programmes annually to the European Commission for approval. Ireland’s National Residue Control Programme (NRCP) for 2020 was approved by the European Commission. On behalf of the Department of Agriculture, Food and Marine (DAFM), the Marine Institute carries out monitoring of chemical residues for aquaculture. The main objectives of the NRCP for Aquaculture are to ensure farmed fish are fit for human consumption, to provide a body of data showing that Irish farmed fish is of high quality, to promote good practices in aquaculture and to comply with Official Control Regulation 2017/625 and Annexes of EU Directive 96/23/EC. In 2020, in excess of 626 tests and a total of 1,888 measurements were carried out on 120 samples of farmed finfish for a range of residues. Implementation of the Aquaculture 2020 Plan involves taking samples at both farm and processing plant: * 80 target samples taken at harvest: 70 farmed salmon and 10 freshwater trout. * 40 target samples were taken at other stages of production: 30 salmon smolts and 10 freshwater trout. All 2020 samples were compliant. For target sampling of farmed fish, a summary table of the residue results from 2005 - 2020 is outlined in Table 1. Overall, the outcome for aquaculture remains one of consistently low occurrence of residues in farmed finfish, with no non-compliant target residues results for the period 2006-2014, 0.11% and 0.10% non-compliant target residues results in 2015 and 2016 respectively and no non-compliant target results for the period 2017 to 2020.