• Investigation into the Establishment of an Irish Online Marine Archive

      Conheady, P. (Marine Institute, 2010)
      This report presents the results of research undertaken into the key issues pertaining to the development of an Irish Online Marine Archive Portal (IOMA) for the Marine Sector in Ireland. The purpose of such a portal would be to give immediate, permanent and free access to published and non-published work of marine researchers across Ireland.
    • Summary of the 1st Annual Biodiscovery Research Workshop

      O'Toole, M. J. (Marine Institute, 2010)
      This publication presents the background and aims of the inaugural Marine Biodiscovery Workshop 2008. Presentations relating to progress achieved in the marine biodiscovery research area through the Irish Beaufort Marine Biodiscovery Research Awards have been captured in extended abstracts.
    • RESCALE: Review and Simulate Climate and Catchment Responses at Burrishoole

      Fealy, R.; Allot, N.; Borderick, C.; deEyto, E.; Dillane, M.; Erdil, R. M.; Jennings, E.; McCrann, K.; Murphy, C.; O'Toole, C.; Poole, R.; Rogan, G.; Ryder, L.; Taylor, D.; Whelan, K.; White, J. (Marine Insitute, 2010)
      The climate of the Burrishoole catchment is projected to change significantly over the present century. Previous research of the catchment identified a scientific gap in knowledge in terms of understanding the implications of present and projected future changes in stream flow, water temperature, pH levels and DO concentrations on fish productivity in the catchment. To address this, a multidisciplinary team of scientists undertook an analysis of both present and likely future climate impacts on the catchment with a view to furthering the understanding of the inter-linkages between climate, climate change, and the freshwater ecosystem. The research findings outlined in the report provide climate change information at the catchment scale to assist catchment stakeholders in integrating climate change considerations into their decision-making processes. The report presents an in-depth assessment of the climate and environmental datasets from the catchment to establish if changes have occurred over the period of record. In order to assess the likely impacts of future changes in climate on the catchment, regional climate projections were developed and subsequently employed to simulate likely responses in stream flow and temperature, DOC and DO for the present century. The projected changes in both the climate and water-quality were then used to provide a basis for assessing impacts on fish growth and survival rates of salmonid and eel species in the catchment. The report provides a useful template for future studies, not just in the Burrishoole catchment but for other ecologically important catchments. The findings from the report are relevant to policy makers at the national scale; catchment managers at the regional scale; and, specifically, to stakeholders in the Burrishoole catchment, in developing adaptive responses to climate change.
    • Research Surveys and Dedicated Training - Compendium of Shiptime Awards 2008

      Corless, R. (Marine Institute, 2010)
      A description of research surveys and ship-based training programmes carried out during 2008 on board the national research vessels, funded under the Marine Research Sub-programme of the National Development Plan (2007-’13)
    • Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Beaufort Marine Biodiscovery Research Workshop

      Nardello, I. (Marine Institute, 2010)
      This publication presents the background and aims of the 2nd Annual Marine Biodiscovery Workshop 2009. Presentations relating to progress achieved in the marine biodiscovery research area through the Irish Beaufort Marine Biodiscovery Research Awards have been captured in extended abstracts.
    • Investigation of the Flavouring and Taste Components of Irish Seaweeds

      Hotchkiss, S. (Marine Institute, 2010)
      This report outlines the methodology and results of the acquisition of new knowledge and the development of new skills to enable CyberColloids to produce commercially attractive, seaweed derived flavour ingredients for the food industry.
    • Research Surveys and Dedicated Training - Compendium of Shiptime Awards 2007

      Corless, R. (ed) (Marine Institute, 2010)
      A description of research surveys and ship-based training programmes carried out during 2007 on board the national research vessels, funded under the Marine Research Sub-programme of the National Development Plan (2007-’13).
    • Acoustic Based Cetacean Detection

      McKeown, E. (Marine Institute, 2010)
      Final report of a project that identified the physical parameters associated with monitoring, tracking and positioning of marine mammals, principally cetaceans (whales and dolphins), in order to develop a small-scale detection system to demonstrate that the presence of specific marine mammals within a defined radius in shallow waters.
    • Development of a Methodology for the Quantitative Assessment of Ireland’s Inshore Kelp Resource

      Blight, A.; Foster-Smith, R.; Sotheran, I.; Egerton, J.; McAllen, R.; Savidge, G. (Marine Institute, 2011)
      The main aim of the project was to develop and demonstrate an acoustic methodology for the estimation of kelp biomass based on a low-cost commercial marine acoustic system and modification of the standard software. The approach will be of significant value to regulatory authorities for the monitoring of healthy kelp beds and their associated fauna and flora. It will also provide a scientific basis for future kelp harvesting trials, be instrumental in developing appropriate management plans for such practices and will aid in the evaluation of the recovery in harvested areas.
    • Compilation of Habitat-Based Catchment Information and Historical Eel Data in Support of Eel Management Plans ‘EEL-PLAN’ – Final Technical Report

      Compass Informatics Ltd; Inland Fisheries Ireland; National University of Ireland, Galway (Marine Institute, 2011)
      The overall aim of the project was to establish an information management framework for the development of River Basin Eel Management Plans (EMP). This involved the collation of base information to assist the publication of the initial National Plan (DCENR 2008) and, importantly, the establishment of a GIS and database system for continued information collation, analysis, management and planning. This report is the full technical report of this project.
    • Compilation of Habitat-Based Catchment Information and Historical Eel Data in Support of Eel Management Plans ‘EEL-PLAN’ – Final Summary Report

      Compass Informatics Ltd; Inland Fisheries Ireland; National University of Ireland, Galway (Marine Institute, 2011)
      The overall aim of the project was to establish an information management framework for the development of River Basin Eel Management Plans (EMP). This involved the collation of base information to assist the publication of the initial National Plan (DCENR 2008) and, importantly, the establishment of a GIS and database system for continued information collation, analysis, management and planning. This report is the summary report of this project.
    • Ireland’s Ocean Economy: December 2010

      Morrissey, K.; Hynes, S.; Cuddy, M.; O'Donoghue, C. (Socio-Economic Marine Research Unit (SEMRU), National University of Ireland, Galway, 2011)
      This report provides a profile of Ireland’s ocean economy (turnover, employment, direct GVA) as well as providing valuable and quantifiable insights into the role of the ocean economy in regional and rural development, providing county by county data on turnover and employment related to the ocean economy
    • Impacts of Increased Atmospheric CO2 on Ocean Chemistry and Ecosystems

      O’Dowd, Colin; Cave, Rachel; McGovern, Evin; Ward, Brian; Kivimae, Caroline; McGrath, Triona; Stengel, Dagmar; Westbrook, Guy (Marine Institute, 2011)
      Ocean pH is a function of the seawater carbonate system, which is a function of both the influx of CO2 from the atmosphere and the resulting concentration of CO2 in the water (i.e. pCO2). Uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide from the atmosphere is reducing ocean pH; a phenomenon referred to as ocean acidification. It is estimated that there has been a decrease of 0.1 pH units in the surface waters of the world’s oceans since the start of the industrial revolution with a reduction of 0.3 – 0.5 forecast by 2100. There is growing concern over the potential consequences of ocean acidification for marine ecosystems and the services they provide for mankind. This project was aimed at enabling the capability and developing the expertise within Ireland to measure and quantify the flux of CO2 into (or out of) the ocean; to monitor seasonal trends in pCO2 and CO2 fluxes; to determine the current baseline state and variability of the carbonate system; and to evaluate the potential impact of future changes on ecosystems with the ultimate aim of contributing to more informed policy development.
    • Development of an Efficient Design Technique for the Optimisation of Mooring Systems for Wave Energy Arrays

      Kirrane, P.; Fabricius, P.; Morvan, R. (Marine Insitute, 2011)
      Research, funded by the Marine Institute, was carried out on mooring systems for wave energy arrays. An outline of the research results and outcomes are presented in this report. The objectives of the research were to: review the wave energy industry and define design parameters; establish a comprehensive set of design curves to facilitate the selection of a preliminary mooring system; develop trends in system response from the evaluation of a broad range of Wave Energy Converter (WEC) specifications, water depths and environments; assess the fatigue life of wave energy mooring configurations; prepare a preliminary Integrity Management Strategy (IMS) for wave energy mooring system arrays; and to integrate all progress into a guideline document. Various software packages supported the project and are described in an appendix. A comprehensive set of design curves was compiled for a range of WEC sizes, water depths, mooring configurations and layouts, and environmental conditions. These curves allow identification of feasible configurations for a given set of design parameters. A preliminary Integrity Management Strategy (IMS) was compiled to ensure the safe operation and station-keeping of WECs in a mooring system array. The IMS included a risk assessment to identify potential failures, and an inspection/monitoring strategy to mitigate these risks.
    • Marine Mammals and Megafauna in Irish Waters - Behaviour, Distribution and Habitat Use- WP4 Research into Ecosystem Links and Habitat Use between Cetaceans and Fisheries in the Celtic Sea

      Healy, H.; Minto, C.; Wall, D.; O'Donnell, D.; O’Connor, I. (Marine Institute, 2013)
      Visual line transect survey data for cetaceans were simultaneously collected during synoptic acoustic sampling surveys of small schooling pelagic fish, i.e. herring (Clupea harengus) and sprat (Sprattus sprattus) in the Celtic Sea, off the south coast of Ireland, from 2004 to 2009. These data were used to investigate the interactions of cetaceans with biological and environmental variables in the survey area. Geographic information systems and generalized linear and generalized additive models were used in this study.
    • Marine Mammals and Megafauna in Irish Waters - Behaviour, Distribution and Habitat Use- WP1 Monitoring Spatial and Temporal Habitat Use and Abundance of Cetaceans.

      Wall, D. (Marine Institute, 2013)
      All cetaceans and their habitats are protected under Irish and international law. The research termed Marine Mammals and Megafauna in Irish Waters – behaviour, distribution and habitat use was delivered under six Work Packages. Cetacean line transect surveys were conducted under Work Package 1 with the following goals: 1. Providing a baseline cetacean distribution and relative abundance data set for the Irish EEZ; 2. Filling spatial and temporal gaps identified in cetacean survey effort within the EEZ; 3. Preparing an Atlas of cetacean distribution and relative abundance for Irish waters; 4. Assessing the temporal use of marine habitats by cetaceans in Irish waters.
    • Development and Demonstration of Viable Hatchery and Ongoing Methodologies for Seaweed Species with Identified Commercial Potential

      Dring, Matthew; Edwards, Maeve; Watson, Lucy (Marine Institute, 2013)
      The main objectives of this project were to develop and conduct trials of industry-scale hatchery and ongrowing methodologies for three seaweed species with commercial potential. These included two edible red algae, Palmaria palmata and Porphyra sp., and the large brown kelp Laminaria digitata. During the project the large brown kelp Saccharina latissima was added to the work programme. In addition to developing ongrowing methodologies for each of the seaweed species, the project aim was to provide a platform for transferring the results and knowledge gained during the project, which would support the creation of new business opportunities in Ireland’s seaweed aquaculture sector.
    • GILPAT: An Investigation into Gill Pathologies in Marine Reared Finfish

      Ruane, N. M.; Rodger, Hamish; Mitchell, Susie; Doyle, Tom; Baxter, Emily; Fringuelli, Elena (Marine Institute, 2013)
      The aims of the GILPAT project were to take a multidisciplinary approach in order to further understand the underlying causes of gill disease in Irish farmed fish. A specific aim was to establish a pilot zooplankton monitoring programme and use training workshops to enable fish farmers to upskill in areas such as zooplankton sampling and basic identification of the main zooplankton/jellyfish species common to Irish waters. Complimenting this was the development of a number of molecular diagnostic methods for the detection of potential pathogens suspected of being involved in the development of the condition. Together with a comprehensive literature review, epidemiological study, and experimental challenge studies, the project aimed to bring all these elements together with the objective of outlining potential mitigation measures and identifying areas for future research.
    • Ireland's Ocean Economy, Reference Year: 2010

      Vega, A.; Corless, R.; Hynes, S. (SEMRU, NUI Galway, 2013)
      In 2013, the Socio Economic Marine Research Unit (SEMRU) began the extensive task of data collection and analysis of Ireland’s ocean economy. Marine socio-economic data are not readily available in Ireland; however, it is essential in determining the value of the ocean economy in order to realise its full potential. This report is part of a series of economic reports and it provides an accurate and realistic monitoring of the ocean economy over time. It presents a complete and comparable sectoral profile, which allows us to observe progress on the targets set out in the Government’s Integrated Marine Plan (IMP) for Ireland - Harnessing Our Ocean Wealth (HOOW) (2012). The reference year of this report is 2010.
    • GeoDI: Geoscientific Data Integration

      Lassoued, Yassine (Marine Institute, 2013)
      This report summarises the findings of the GeoDI project. Large volumes of geoscientific (i.e., geological and geophysical) datasets have been gathered by the Marine Institute and its partners over the past number of years, A key challenge now exists to derive maximum value from these very costly and valuable products by integrating these geoscientific datasets together, and with other resources such as biological, chemical, and environmental data. The project aimed to address this challenge by examining the critical issues involved in the integration of Irish marine geoscientific datasets, and by assessing tools and services for enhanced management, discovery, access, and analyses of geoscientific data.