• Development & implementation of the Phytotest project

      Kavanagh, S.; Brennan, C.; Lyons, C.; Chamberlain, T.; Salas, R.; Moran, S.; Silke, J.; Maher, M. (Marine Institute, 2008)
      Phytotest is a 3-year research and development project funded through the Marine Institute Strategic Research Programme in Advanced Technologies as part of the National Development plan 2000-2006. The project is a collaboration between the National Diagnostics Centre at NUI Galway and the MI and involves the development of real-time PCR assays for Dinophysis and Pseudo-nitzschia species that are important in Irish waters. In the current final phase of the project, the real-time PCR assays are being transferred to the MI to support the phytoplankton monitoring service.
    • Review of phytoplankton monitoring 2005

      Moran, S.; Silke, J.; Salas, R.; Chamberlain, T.; Lyons, J.; Flannery, J.; Thornton, V.; Clarke, D.; Devilly, L. (Marine Institute, 2006)
      A national phytoplankton monitoring programme, has been in operation in Ireland since 1986, and fulfils requirements of the EU Council Directive 91/492/EEC. This programme provides an important part of the baseline data in the overall integrated shellfish monitoring programme. The analysis of samples received on a regular basis from a site can provide very important information in assembling a population profile for the area. This helps in crucial decisions, for example in Management Cell Decisions - conducted by representatives from the industry, MI, FSAI and DCMNR - when borderline toxin results are present. Phytoplankton monitoring is also hugely important in the Water Framework Directive, which all EU countries must follow, in developing an index of water quality in Ireland and Europe. The Irish Monitoring programme also gives valuable public health information to County Councils, Environmental Health Officer’s and the public during times of bloom events. This paper provides an overview of phytoplankton sampling, analysis and reporting in 2005. The occurrence of potentially toxic and harmful phytoplankton found in Irish coastal and shelf waters in 2005 is also reviewed and the quality scheme in operation is described.
    • Review of phytoplankton monitoring 2006

      Moran, S.; Silke, J.; Salas, R.; Chamberlain, T.; Lyons, J.; Shannon, S. (Marine Institute, 2007)
      This paper provides an overview of phytoplankton sampling, analysis and reporting in 2006. The occurrence of potentially toxic and harmful phytoplankton found in Irish coastal and shelf waters in 2006 is compared with the previous year. The succession of phytoplankton blooms in Bantry is described and environmental data that may explain the onset of toxic species is described.
    • Review of phytoplankton monitoring programme and research activities

      Salas, R.; Chamberlain, T.; Lyons, J.; Hynes, P.; Silke, J. (Marine Institute, 2008)
      This paper provides a review of the activities of the Phytoplankton Unit in the Marine Institute as part of the National Monitoring Programme for 2007 and compares the findings with those recorded during 2005 and 2006., It also presents an overview of the research activities carried out by the phytoplankton team during the year with a focus on culturing phytoplankton and the introduction of real time PCR techniques for phytoplankton identification.
    • Review of the phytoplankton monitoring programme and research activities in 2008

      Salas, R.; Lyons, J.; Hynes, P.; Chamberlain, T.; Silke, J. (Marine Institute, 2009)
      The National Monitoring programme for phytoplankton is a well established programme and this was shown through the improvement and refinement of Phytoplankton shellfish and finfish sites around the country. One important development in the last 2 years has been to increase the number of sentinel sites. A sentinel site is a designated sampling site where a total community Phytoplankton cell count and identification is carried out. The number of sentinel sites has increased from 11 in 2005 to 24 in 2008. This means a better coverage of all the bays around the country. The number of phytoplankton samples analysed in 2008 has seen an increase from the previous year.