• National activities in the field of Aquaculture: Ireland

      Griffith, David de G (ed) (Marine Institute, 1996-05)
      This document was prepared in May 1995 by a group of invited aquaculture experts drawn from the Irish aquaculture industry, the Fisheries Research Centre, An Bord Iascaigh Mhara, Salmon Research Agency, Veterinary Research Laboratory, the Marine Institute and from University RTD laboratories. It was drafted as a contribution to the 1995 meeting of Directors of Fisheries Research Organisations of the European Union, and as a response to a review by DG XIV entitled "European Aquaculture Research: current position and prospects” (COM(94) 258 final).
    • National Infrastructure Access Programme (NIAP), research and innovation projects 2014.

      Dublin City University; Smartbay (Dublin City University, 2014)
      The SmartBay NIAP fund was made available in 2012 through Dublin City University over a two year period to enable researchers to access the SmartBay Ireland National Test and Demonstration Facility in Galway Bay. Research proposals were invited for funding under a number of activity types that are in line with the objectives of the SmartBay PRTLI Cycle 5 programme. This fund provided small awards (typically €2-25K) to research teams through a national competitive process, which was open to all higher education institutions on the island of Ireland. There were both open and biannual calls. The SmartBay NIAP fund was established to enable researchers in academia and industry to access the SmartBay Ireland national test and demonstration infrastructure. Proposals to access the infrastructure were brief and required information on the researcher(s), a description of the proposed research and its potential impact to the research team arising from the access to SmartBay Ireland.
    • National Infrastructure Access Programme (NIAP), research and innovation projects 2015.

      Dublin City University; Smartbay (Dublin City University, 2015)
      The SmartBay NIAP fund was made available in 2012 through Dublin City University over a two year period to enable researchers to access the SmartBay Ireland National Test and Demonstration Facility in Galway Bay. Research proposals were invited for funding under a number of activity types that are in line with the objectives of the SmartBay PRTLI Cycle 5 programme. This fund provided small awards (typically €2-25K) to research teams through a national competitive process, which was open to all higher education institutions on the island of Ireland. There were both open and biannual calls. The SmartBay NIAP fund was established to enable researchers in academia and industry to access the SmartBay Ireland national test and demonstration infrastructure. Proposals to access the infrastructure were brief and required information on the researcher(s), a description of the proposed research and its potential impact to the research team arising from the access to SmartBay Ireland.
    • The National Surveillance Monitoring Programme for Residues in Farmed Fish

      Marine Institute (Marine Institute, 2015)
      All European Member States have a responsibility to monitor the use of veterinary medicines in food producing animals, to ensure that produce from these animals do not contain residues that could be harmful to consumers. It is a requirement to implement surveillance monitoring in accordance with the Residues Directive (Directive 96/23/EC) and to have in place national plans (National Residues Control Plan-NRCP) for the monitoring of certain chemical substances and residues in a range of food producing species and products e.g. cattle, pigs, sheep, farmed finfish. The National Residues Control Plan for Aquaculture in Ireland is specifically for farmed finfish and forms part of the overall National Residue Control Plan.
    • National Survey of Sea lice (L. salmonis Krøyer and C. elongatus Nordmann) on Fish Farms in Ireland – 2006

      O'Donohoe, P.; Kane, F.; Kennedy, S.; Nixon, P.; Power, A.; Naughton, O.; Jackson, D. (Marine Institute, 2007)
      This bulletin reports on the National Sea Lice Monitoring Programme carried out by the Marine Institute in 2006. Results presented in this report are mean ovigerous sea lice levels and mean mobile sea lice levels for Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus
    • National Survey of Sea lice (L. salmonis Krøyer and C. elongatus Nordmann) on Fish Farms in Ireland – 2007

      O'Donohoe, P.; Kane, F.; Kelly, S.; Nixon, P.; Power, A.; Naughton, O.; Jackson, D. (Marine Institute, 2008)
      This bulletin reports on the National Sea Lice Monitoring Programme carried out by the Marine Institute in 2007. Results presented in this report are mean ovigerous sea lice levels and mean mobile sea lice levels for Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus
    • National Survey of Sea lice (L. salmonis Krøyer and C. elongatus Nordmann) on Fish Farms in Ireland – 2008

      O'Donohoe, P.; Kane, F.; Kelly, S.; Nixon, P.; Power, A.; Naughton, O.; Tully, D.; Jackson, D. (Marine Institute, 2009)
      This bulletin reports on the National Sea Lice Monitoring Programme carried out by the Marine Institute in 2008. Results presented in this report are mean ovigerous sea lice levels and mean mobile sea lice levels for Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus
    • National Survey of Sea Lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Kroyer and Caligus elongatus Nordmann) on Fish Farms in Ireland - 2009

      O'Donohoe, P.; Kane, F.; Kelly, S.; Nixon, P.; Power, A.; McDermott, T.; Drumm, A.; Jackson, D. (Marine Institute, 2010)
      This bulletin reports on the National Sea Lice Monitoring Programme carried out by the Marine Institute in 2009. Results presented in this report are mean ovigerous sea lice levels and mean mobile sea lice levels for Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus
    • National Survey of Sea Lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Kroyer and Caligus elongatus Nordmann) on Fish Farms in Ireland - 2010

      O'Donohoe, P.; Kane, F.; Kelly, S.; McDermott, T.; Drumm, A.; Jackson, D. (Marine Institute, 2011)
      This bulletin reports on the National Sea Lice Monitoring Programme carried out by the Marine Institute in 2010. Results presented in this report are mean ovigerous sea lice levels and mean mobile sea lice levels for Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus.
    • National Survey of Sea Lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Kroyer and Caligus elongatus Nordmann) on Fish Farms in Ireland - 2011

      O'Donohoe, P.; Kane, F.; Kelly, S.; McDermott, T.; Drumm, A.; Jackson, D. (Marine Institute, 2012)
      This bulletin reports on the National Sea Lice Monitoring Programme carried out by the Marine Institute in 2011. Results presented in this report are mean ovigerous sea lice levels and mean mobile sea lice levels for Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus.
    • National Survey of Sea Lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Kroyer and Caligus elongatus Nordmann) on Fish Farms in Ireland - 2012

      O'Donohoe, P.; Kane, F.; Kelly, S.; McDermott, T.; Drumm, A.; Jackson, D. (Marine Institute, 2013)
      This bulletin reports on the National Sea Lice Monitoring Programme carried out by the Marine Institute in 2012. Results presented in this report are mean ovigerous sea lice levels and mean mobile sea lice levels for Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus.
    • National Survey of Sea Lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Kroyer and Caligus elongatus Nordmann) on Fish Farms in Ireland - 2013

      O'Donohoe, P; Kane, F; Kelly, S; McDermott, T; Drumm, A; Jackson, D (Marine Institute, 2014)
      This bulletin reports on the National Sea Lice Monitoring Programme carried out by the Marine Institute in 2013. Results presented in this report are mean ovigerous sea lice levels and mean mobile sea lice levels for Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus.
    • National Survey of Sea Lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Kroyer and Caligus elongatus Nordmann) on Fish Farms in Ireland - 2014

      O'Donohoe, P.; Kane, F.; Kelly, S.; McDermott, T.; Drumm, A.; Jackson, D. (Marine Institute, 2015)
      This bulletin reports on the National Sea Lice Monitoring Programme carried out by the Marine Institute in 2014. Results presented in this report are mean ovigerous sea lice levels and mean mobile sea lice levels for Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus.
    • National Survey of Sea Lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Kroyer and Caligus elongatus Nordmann) on Fish Farms in Ireland - 2015

      O'Donohoe, P.; Kane, F.; Kelly, S.; McDermott, T.; Drumm, A.; Nixon, P.; Jackson, D. (Marine Institute, 2016)
      This bulletin reports on the National Sea Lice Monitoring Programme carried out by the Marine Institute in 2015. Results presented in this report are mean ovigerous sea lice levels and mean mobile sea lice levels for Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus.
    • National survey of sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Kroyer and Caligus elongatus Nordmann) on fish farms in Ireland - 2016

      O'Donohoe, P.; Kane, F.; Kelly, S.; McDermott, T.; D'Arcy, J.; Casserly, J.; Nixon, P.; Jackson, D. (Marine Institute, 2017)
      Farmed stocks of Atlantic salmon in Ireland are inspected on 14 occasions throughout the year to monitor sea lice levels as part of a national programme.
    • National survey of sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Krøyer and Caligus elongatus Nordmann) on fish farms in Ireland - 2017

      O'Donohoe, P.; Kane, F.; Kelly, S.; McDermott, T.; D'Arcy, J.; Casserly, J.; Downes, J.K.; Jackson, D. (Marine Insitute, 2018)
      Farmed stocks of Atlantic salmon in Ireland are inspected on 14 occasions throughout the year to monitor sea lice levels as part of a national programme.
    • National Survey of Sea Lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Krøyer and Caligus elongatus Nordmann) on Fish Farms in Ireland – 2004

      O'Donohoe, P.; Kennedy, S.; Kane, F.; Naughton, O.; Tierney, D.; Jackson, D. (Marine Institute, 2005)
      This bulletin reports on the National Sea Lice Monitoring Programme carried out by the Marine Institute in 2004. Results presented in this report are mean ovigerous sea lice levels and mean mobile sea lice levels for Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus
    • National Survey of Sea Lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Krøyer and Caligus elongatus Nordmann) on Fish Farms in Ireland – 2005

      O'Donohoe, P.; Kane, F.; Kennedy, S.; Naughton, O.; Nixon, P.; Power, A.; Jackson, D. (Marine Institute, 2006)
      This bulletin reports on the National Sea Lice Monitoring Programme carried out by the Marine Institute in 2005. Results presented in this report are mean ovigerous sea lice levels and mean mobile sea lice levels for Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus
    • National Survey of Sea Lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Krøyer and Caligus elongatus Nordmann) on Fish Farms in Ireland – 2018

      O’Donohoe, P.; Kane, F.; Kelly, S; McDermott, T.; Casserly, J.; D'Arcy, J.; Downes, J.K.; McLoughlin, S.; Jackson, D. (Marine Institute, 2019)
      Farmed stocks of Atlantic salmon in Ireland are inspected on 14 occasions throughout the year to monitor sea lice levels as part of a national programme. Sea lice are a naturally occurring parasite found on marine fish, including salmonids. They are small ecto-parasitic copepod crustaceans and there are approximately 559 species. The objectives of the National Sea Lice Monitoring Programme are:  To provide an objective measurement of infestation levels on farms.  To investigate the nature of infestations.  To provide management information to drive the implementation of control and management strategies.  To facilitate further development and refinement of this strategy. The sea lice control and management strategy has five principal components:  Separation of generations.  Annual fallowing of sites.  Early harvest of two-sea-winter fish.  Targeted treatment regimes, including synchronous treatments.  Agreed husbandry practices.
    • National Survey of the Sea Lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Krøyer and Caligus elongates Nordmann) on Fish Farms in Ireland - 2000

      McCarney, P; Copley, L; Jackson, D; Nulty, C; Kennedy, S (Marine Institute, 2001-09)
      Fanned fish can be divided into three distinct groups, rainbow trout and two year classes (or generations) of salmon. In terms of husbandry and lice management, salmon which are at sea for a year or longer in April (growers/one-sea winter) are treated separately from younger salmon (smolts) and rainbow trout. Those salmon that were put to sea in winter 1999/spring 2000 are referred to as smolts, or 2000 year class fish. The farms were inspected twice a month in March, April and May and once a month thereafter, with one exception, December/January where sites were visited only once. Two species of lice are commonly found on cultured salmonids, Caligus elongates Nordmann, a species of parasite that infests over fifty different species of marine fish, and Lepeophtheirus salmonis Krøyer, which infests only salmon and closely related species such as rainbow trout. Lepeophtheirus salmonis, the Salmon Louse, is regarded as the more serious of the two species and occurs most frequently on Irish cultivated salmon (Jackson and Minchin, 1992). Results for both species are given for each sampling period. These sea-lice inflict damage to their hosts through their feeding activity on the host's body (Jones et al., 1990; Jonsdottir et al., 1992; Kabata, 1974) and significant economic losses were attributed to these copepod ectoparasites by Roth et al. (1993). Lepeophtheirus salmonis is a member of the Family Caligidae and has a direct lifecycle (i.e. a single host). This life-cycle comprises ten stages. Following hatching from paired egg strings, two free-living nauplius stages are dispersed into the plankton. These stages are followed by a copepodid stage where contact with the host takes place. The copepodid then moults through four chalimus stages before becoming a pre-adult male or female. This pre-adult phase comprises two stages and is followed by the fully mature adult phase. The adult female can produce a number of batches of paired egg-strings which in turn hatch into the water column to give rise to the next generation (Kabata, 1979; Schram, 1993).