A demonstration of wireless sensing for long-term monitoring of water quality
KeywordOceanographic techniques, rivers
River Lee Co
Continuous in-situ monitoring
Environmental pollutant detection
Multisensor heterogeneous real-time water monitoring system
Tidal water system
Wireless sensor networks
Water -- Pollution -- Measurement.
World Wide Web
Water quality monitoring
MetadataShow full item record
DescriptionScience Foundation Ireland (CSET - Centre for Science, Engineering and Technology 07/CE/I1147); Environmental Protection Agency (NDP); Marine Institute (NDP)
At a time when technological advances are providing new sensor capabilities, novel network capabilities, long-range communications technologies and data interpreting and delivery formats via the World Wide Web, we never before had such opportunities to sense and analyse the environment around us. However, the challenges exist. While measurement and detection of environmental pollutants can be successful under laboratory-controlled conditions, continuous in-situ monitoring remains one of the most challenging aspects of environmental sensing. This paper describes the development and test of a multi-sensor heterogeneous real-time water monitoring system. A multi-sensor system was deployed in the River Lee, County Cork, Ireland to monitor water quality parameters such as pH, temperature, conductivity, turbidity and dissolved oxygen. The R. Lee comprises of a tidal water system that provides an interesting test site to monitor. The multi-sensor system set-up is described and results of the sensor deployment and the various challenges are discussed.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
An Assessment of Dangerous Substances in Water Framework Directive Transitional and Coastal Waters 2007-2009McGovern, Evin; Cronin, Margot; Joyce, Eileen; McHugh, Brendan (Marine Institute, 2011)This report presents an assessment of hazardous substance contamination in Irish transitional and coastal waters. This was carried out in support of the EPA’s assessment of the quality status of surface waters (2007-2009) as required by the Water Framework Directive (Directive 2000/60/EC).
Marine Mammals and Megafauna in Irish Waters - Behaviour, Distribution and Habitat Use- WP3 Biotelemetry of Marine Megafauna in Irish WatersBerrow, S.D.; O’Connor, I. (Marine Institute, 2013)Biotelemetry is the transmission of information from biological organisms through the atmosphere by radio waves. It encompasses a wide range of devices that can record environmental variables while attached to an animal, such as depth, salinity and temperature, while permitting the recording and transmitting of the position of an animal, commonly referred to as tracking. A review of biotelemetry, with reference to relevant species in Ireland, is presented. Although a number of marine species have been tagged and tracked in Ireland, these studies were generally of short duration or involved small numbers of individuals. However, these studies have shown that tracking marine megafauna in Ireland can be successful and that there is great potential for biotelemetry.
Arsenic in Irish marine waters and its potential as a water mass tracerAnninou, Pinelopi (National University of Ireland, Galway, 2007)Arsenic is a metalloid, met in both reduced (+3) and oxidised (+5) states, in a variety of inorganic and organic compounds. It is naturally and anthropogenically introduced. Globally, anthropogenic loads of arsenic exceed the natural ones. It is highly toxic, especially inorganic arsenic. Its toxicity is due to structural similarities with the essential nutrient phosphate. The phenomenon is natural and known as competitive inhibition. First order speciation between hydride (mostly inorganic) and non-hydride (mostly organic) arsenic took place during this project. An in-house, batch type system of hydride generation, electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry was used. This study has produced baseline concentrations in aquatic environments (rivers, lakes, mines, coastal, shelf edge, oceanic), mainly from the west coast of Ireland. The measured concentrations fall within normal for seawater (15-20nM) and fresh water (0-5nM). Exceptionally high concentration (~50nM) was observed in the effluent of the Avoca Mines, in Co. Wicklow; low concentrations are restored up and downstream of the mines. Results coupled to phosphate findings, showed biological uptake of arsenic being much slower process than physical mixing of water masses. Mixing of coastal seawater with fresh water of low arsenic resulted in near linear increase in the concentration of hydride arsenic with increasing salinity (rivers Corrib and Shannon plumes). This is reversed at high salinities for a small salinity range, where fronts are formed between mixed coastal and open ocean seawater (Thermal Shelf Edge). It is proposed that enhanced biological activity in the highly active frontal zones removes arsenic from the dissolved phase. In the open ocean the positive distribution is restored to some degree, but overall a wide range of arsenic concentrations characterises different water masses despite the small salinity range. Among water masses, Mediterranean Sea Outflow Water displays great potential of being traced by its distinctive arsenic concentration.