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Title: Screen for Footprints of Selection during Domestication/Captive Breeding of Atlantic Salmon
Authors: Vasemägi, Anti
Nilsson, Jan
McGinnity, Philip
Cross, Tom
O'Reilly, Patrick
Glebe, Brian
Peng, Bo
Berg, Paul Ragnar
Primmer, Craig Robert
Keywords: Footprints of Selection
Captive Breeding
Atlantic Salmon
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Citation: Anti Vasemägi, Jan Nilsson, Philip McGinnity, et al., “Screen for Footprints of Selection during Domestication/Captive Breeding of Atlantic Salmon,” Comparative and Functional Genomics, vol. 2012, Article ID 628204, 14 pages, 2012. doi:10.1155/2012/628204
Series/Report no.: Comparative and Functional Genomics;2012/628204
Abstract: Domesticated animals provide a unique opportunity to identify genomic targets of artificial selection to the captive environment. Here, we screened three independent domesticated/captive Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) strains and their wild progenitor populations in an effort to detect potential signals of domestication selection by typing of 261 SNPs and 70 microsatellite loci. By combining information from four different neutrality tests, in total ten genomic regions showed signs of directional selection based on multiple sources of evidence. Most of the identified candidate regions were rather small ranging from zero to a few centimorgans (cM) in the female Atlantic salmon linkage map. We also evaluated how adaptation from standing variation affects adjacent SNP and microsatellite variation along the chromosomes and, by using forward simulations with strong selection, we were able to generate genetic differentiation patterns comparable to the observed data. This study highlights the significance of standing genetic variation during the early stages of adaptation and represents a useful step towards identifying functional variants involved in domestication of Atlantic salmon.
Description: Copyright © 2012 Anti Vasemagi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
ISSN: 1531-6912
Appears in Collections:Peer Reviewed Scientific Papers

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