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|Title: ||Monitoring Chemical Pollution in Europe’s Seas: Programmes, Practices and Priorities for Research|
|Authors: ||Roose, P.|
de Leeuw, J.
|Keywords: ||Marine environments|
Water Framework Directive
Marine Strategy Framework Directive
|Issue Date: ||2011|
|Publisher: ||Marine Board-ESF|
|Citation: ||Roose P., Albaigés J., Bebianno M.J.,Camphuysen C., Cronin M., de Leeuw J., Gabrielsen G., Hutchinson T., Hylland K., Jansson B., Jenssen B.M., Schulz-Bull D., Szefer P., Webster L., Bakke T., Janssen C. (2011). Monitoring Chemical Pollution in Europe’s Seas: Programmes, Practices and Priorities for Research, Marine Board Position Paper 16. Calewaert, J.B. and McDonough N. (Eds.). Marine Board-ESF, Ostend, Belgium.|
|Series/Report no.: ||Marine Board Position Paper;16|
|Abstract: ||This report has been produced by the Marine Board Working Group on Existing and Emerging Chemical Pollutants (WGPOL) first convened in 2008 and tasked to examine the assessment and monitoring of existing and emerging chemicals in the European marine and coastal environment. The Working Group considered (i) existing monitoring/assessment frameworks; (ii) current monitoring practices; and (iii) new and emerging chemicals of concern and the mechanisms used to include them in current monitoring programmes. The primary conclusions and recommendations of this position paper are:
1. Fully implement state of the art environmental risk assessment procedures (combining exposure and effect assessment) to evaluate the full impact of chemical substances on the different compartments of coastal and open sea systems.
2. Further improve the coordination, cooperation and harmonization between existing monitoring efforts and those under development, to avoid duplication of effort, loss of expertise and a reduced willingness to fulfil the obligations towards regional conventions.
3. Ensure that the development and implementation of monitoring programmes for the assessment of chemicals in marine and coastal environment are based on a science-based and dynamic process.
4. Apply more resources targeted at developing appropriate approaches, tools and practices (education and training) to improve the acquisition and management of monitoring data.
In addition to the above main recommendations, two further recommendations have been identified on the basis of two specific case studies which form part of this paper and which focus on the release, effects and monitoring of (i) hydrophobic and insoluble chemicals in the marine environment from merchant shipping; and (ii) chemicals released by the offshore oil-industry in the North Sea. These case studies highlighted the need to:
5. Develop a consistent, pan-European or regional (legal) framework/regulation which covers the activities of the oil and gas industry at sea. At the same time, more information and research is needed on the release and the effects of chemicals arising from offshore oil and gas activities.
6. Develop and apply state-of-the-art environmental risk assessment procedures (combining exposure and effect assessments, including on human health) to evaluate the impact of noxious liquid substances listed under MARPOL Annex II on the different compartments in coastal and open sea ecosystems.|
|Appears in Collections:||Special Reports|
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