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Title: Inferring marine distribution of Canadian and Irish Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in the North Atlantic from tissue concentrations of bio-accumulated Caesium 137
Authors: Spares, Aaron D.
Reader, Jeffery M.
Stokesbury, Michael J.W.
McDermott, Tom
Zikovsky, Lubomir
Dadswell, Michael J.
Keywords: aquaculture and wild Atlantic salmon
Cesium-137
Canada
Ireland
North Atlantic Gyre
trans-Atlantic migration
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Spares A.D., Reader J.M., Stokesbury M.J.W., McDermott T., Zikovsky L., Avery T.S., Dadswell M.J. Inferring marine distribution of Canadian and Irish Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in the North Atlantic from tissue concentrations of bio-accumulated caesium 137. (2007) ICES Journal of Marine Science, 64 (2), pp. 394–404
Series/Report no.: ICES Journal of Marine Science;64 (2)
Abstract: Atlantic salmon returning from marine migrations to eastern Canada and western Ireland during 2002 and 2003 were analysed for tissue concentrations of bio-accumulated caesium 137 (137Cs). Salmon from Canadian and Irish waters demonstrated concentrations (0.20 ± 0.14 Bq kg-1 and 0.19 ± 0.09 Bq kg-1, mean ± s.d., respectively) suggesting similar oceanic feeding distributions during migration. Canadian aquaculture escapees had a similar mean tissue concentration (0.28 ± 0.22 Bq kg-1), suggesting migration with wild salmon. However, significantly higher concentrations in 1-sea-winter (1SW) escapees (0.43 ± 0.25 Bq kg-1) may alternatively suggest feeding within local estuaries. High concentrations in some Canadian 1SW salmon indicated trans-Atlantic migration. Low concentrations of Canadian multi-sea-winter (MSW) salmon suggested a feeding distribution in the Labrador and Irminger Seas before homeward migration, because those regions have the lowest surface water 137Cs levels. Estimates of wild Canadian and Irish salmon feeding east of the Faroes (~8oW) were 14.2% and 10.0% (1SW, 24.7% and 11.5%; MSW, 2.9% and 0.0%), respectively. We propose that most anadromous North Atlantic salmon utilize the North Atlantic Gyre for marine migration and should be classified as a single trans-Atlantic straddling stock.
Description: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in ICES Journal of Marine Science following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version “Spares A.D., Reader J.M., Stokesbury M.J.W., McDermott T., Zikovsky L., Avery T.S., Dadswell M.J. Inferring marine distribution of Canadian and Irish Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in the North Atlantic from tissue concentrations of bio-accumulated caesium 137. (2007) ICES Journal of Marine Science, 64 (2), pp. 394–404” is available online at: http://icesjms.oxfordjournals.org/content/64/2/394
peer-reviewed
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10793/664
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsl040
ISSN: 1054-3139
Appears in Collections:Peer Reviewed Scientific Papers

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