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Title: Isolation of Streptococcus agalactiae and an aquatic birnavirus from doctor fish Garra rufa L.
Authors: Ruane, N.M.
Collins, E.M.
Geary, M.
Swords, D.
Hickey, C.
Geoghegan, F.
Keywords: Aquabirnavirus
Streptococcus agalactiae
Garra rufa
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: BioMed Central
Citation: Ruane, N.M., Collins, E.M., Geary, M., Swords, D., Hickey, C. and Geoghegan, F. (2013) Isolation of Streptococcus agalactiae and an aquatic birnavirus from doctor fish Garra rufa L. Irish Veterinary Journal, 66:16, pp. 1-4 DOI: 10.1186/2046-0481-66-16
Series/Report no.: Irish Veterinary Journal;66:16
Abstract: Background The doctor fish, Garra rufa, has become increasingly popular as a treatment for skin disorders and for pedicures in recent years. Despite this there is very little information available regarding the welfare of these fish and the range of potential pathogens they may carry. In this study, a group of fish suffering from post-transport mortalities were examined and the isolated pathogens identified. Findings Group B Streptococcus agalactiae was isolated from kidney swabs of the fish and found to be resistant to a number of antibiotics. In addition to this, a fish virus belonging to the aquabirnavirus group, serogroup C was isolated for the first time in Ireland. However, no clinical signs of disease typical of bacterial or viral infections were observed in any fish examined. Conclusions As no clinical signs of disease attributable to either of the pathogens identified were found it was concluded that the mortalities were most likely due to transport related stress exacerbated by the presence of the pathogens. Further work is required to assess the suitability of current transport strategies and to examine the potential risk associated with the transport of live ornamental fish.
Description: Peer-reviewed. © N.M. Ruane et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013. This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
ISSN: 2046-0481
Appears in Collections:Fish Health

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