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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10793/115

Title: Distribution, population structure, growth and reproduction of the razor clam Ensis arcuatus (Jeffreys) (Solenaceae) in coastal waters of western Ireland
Authors: Fahy, E.
Norman, M.
Browne, R.
Roantree, V.
Pfeiffer, N.
Stokes, D.
Carroll, J.
Hannaffy, O.
Keywords: Age composition
Biomass
Coastal zone
Length-weight relationships
Marine molluscs
Population structure
Quantitative distribution
Reproduction
Issue Date: 2001
Publisher: Marine Institute
Citation: Fahy, E; Norman, M; Browne, R; Roantree, V; Pfeiffer, N; Stokes, D; Carroll, J; Hannaffy, O, "Distribution, population structure, growth and reproduction of the razor clam Ensis arcuatus (Jeffreys) (Solenaceae) in coastal waters of western Ireland", Irish fisheries investigations No.10, Marine Institute 2001
Series/Report no.: Irish fisheries investigations;10
Abstract: Samples of razor clams, Ensis arcuatus, the species which makes up the majority of landings from the west coast of Ireland, were collected by commercial fishery methods, in association with the dredge fishery and by scuba diving, from three locations off the coast of Co Galway. E. arcuatus occupies coarse sand (of maerl and shell fragments) and rarely co-exists with the other common species of the region, E. siliqua. E. arcuatus were aged, an age-length-key devised for them, and growth parameters (Linf, k and t0) were calculated. Their maturation state was established by histological examination. Evidence suggests that Ensis arcuatus is mainly a spring spawner, although some spawning appears to take place in most months, with a spatfall in June/July. Maturation commences in its third year. Asymptotic length is achieved at 10 years, approximately, and there was little variability in growth among the three sampling areas or between the sexes. In a small bed of razor clams in Cill Chiarain Bay, Co Galway, there would appear to have been a spatfall in most, if not all, of the past 15 years. The quantitative distribution of E. arcuatus in a single bay within the boundaries of Comharchuman Sliogeisc Chonamara Teo, Co Galway, was estimated by divers salting quadrats of 0.33 m2. The razor clam community is divided into a generally distributed fraction occurring at low density (described as the non-bed) and at a relatively higher density (described as the clam bed). The bed was situated in the lee of reefs, which is usually the case for this species along the Atlantic seaboard. More than 90% of the biomass was above the E.U. minimum size limit.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10793/115
ISSN: 0578-7467
1647 0037
Appears in Collections:Irish Fisheries Investigations

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