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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10793/1056

Title: Anthropocene environmental change in an internationally important oligotrophic catchment on the Atlantic seaboard of western Europe
Authors: Dalton, C
O'Dwyer, B
Taylor, D
DeEyto, E
Jennings, E
Chen, G
Poole, R
Dillane, M
McGinnity, P
Keywords: Aquatic ecosystem
Oligotrophic systems
Climate change
NAO
Palaeoecology
Legacy sediment
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Dalton, C., et al., Anthropocene environmental change in an internationally important oligotrophic catchment on the Atlantic seaboard of western Europe. Anthropocene (2014), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ancene.2014.06.003
Series/Report no.: Anthropocene;Volume 5, March 2014, Pages 9–21
Abstract: Oligotrophic catchments with short spatey streams, upland lakes and peaty soils characterise northwest European Atlantic coastal regions. These catchments are important biodiversity refuges, particularly for sensitive diadromous fish populations but are subject to changes in land use and land management practices associated with afforestation, agriculture and rural development. Quantification of the degree of catchment degradation resulting from such anthropogenic impacts is often limited by a lack of long-term baseline data in what are generally relatively isolated, poorly studied catchments. This research uses a combination of palaeolimnological (radiometrically-dated variations in sedimentary geochemical elements, pollen, diatoms and remains of cladocera), census, and instrumental data, along with hindcast estimates to quantify environmental changes and their aquatic impacts since the late 19th century. The most likely drivers of any change are also identified. Results confirm an aquatic biotic response (phyto- and zooplankton) to soil erosion and nutrient enrichment associated with the onset of commercial conifer afforestation, effects that were subsequently enhanced as a result of increased overgrazing in the catchment and, possibly, climate warming. The implications for the health of aquatic resources in the catchment are discussed
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10793/1056
Appears in Collections:Peer Reviewed Scientific Papers

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